I understand that oral surgery and/or dental extractions include inherent risks such as, but not limited to the following:
1. Injury to the nerves: This would include injuries causing numbness of the lips, the tongue, and any issues of the mouth and/or cheeks or face. The numbness which could occur may be of a temporary nature, lasting a few days, a few weeks, a few months or could possibly be permanent, and could be the result of surgical procedures or anesthetic administration.
2. Bleeding, bruising, and swelling: Some moderate bleeding may last several hours. If profuse, you must contact us as soon as possible. Some swelling is normal, but if severe, you should notify us. Swelling usually starts to subside after about 48 hours. Bruises may persist for a week or so.
3. Dry Socket: This occurs on occasion when teeth are extracted and is a result of a blood clot not forming properly during the healing process. Dry sockets can be extremely painful if not treated. These usually develop 3-4 days after the surgery.
4. Sinus involvement: In some cases, the root tips of upper teeth lie in close proximity to sinuses. Occasionally during extraction or surgical procedures the sinus membrane may be perforated. Should this occur, it may be necessary to have the sinus surgically closed. Root tips may need to be retrieved from the sinus.
5. Infection: No matter how carefully surgical sterility is maintained, it is possible, because of the existing non-sterile oral environment, for infections to occur post-operatively. These may be of a serious nature. Should severe swelling occur, particularly accompanied with fever or malaise, professional attention should be received as soon as possible.
6. Fractured jaw, roots, bone fragments, or instruments: Although extreme care will be used, the jaw, teeth roots, bone spicules, or instruments used in the extraction procedure may fracture or be fractured requiring retrieval and possibly referral to a specialist. A decision may be made to leave a small piece of root, bone fragment, or instrument in the jaw when removal may require additional extensive surgery, which could cause more harm and add to the rest of complications.
7. Injury to adjacent teeth or fillings: This could occur at times no matter how carefully surgical and/or extraction procedures are performed.