3 V 3 Basketball Tournament Rules
Court and ball: The game of 3x3 is played on a half court with one basket.
Teams: Each team shall consist of 4 players (3 players on the court and 1 substitute).
Game officials: The game officials shall consist of 1 or 2 referees and time/score keepers.
Beginning of the game: 4.1. Both teams shall warm-up simultaneously prior to the game.
4.2. A coin flip shall determine which team gets the first possession. The team that wins the coin flip can either choose to benefit from the ball possession at the beginning of the game or at the beginning of a potential overtime.
4.3. The game must start with three players on the court.
Scoring: 5.1. Every shot inside the arc shall be awarded one 1 point.
5.2. Every shot behind the arc shall be awarded 2 points.
5.3. Every successful free throw shall be awarded 1 point.
Playing time/Winner of a game: 6.1. The regular playing time shall be as follows: one period of 15 minutes playing time for ages 15 and older. One period of 12 minutes for ages 11-14, and one period of 10 minutes for ages 9,10.
6.2. However the first team which scores 15 points or more wins the game if it happens before the end of regular playing time.
6.3. If the score is tied at the end of playing time, an extra period of time will be played. There shall be an interval of 1 minute before the overtime starts. The first team to score 2 points in the overtime wins the game.
6.4. A team shall lose the game by forfeit if at the scheduled starting time the team is not present on the playing court with 3 players ready to play. In case of a forfeit, the game score is marked with w-0 or 0-w (“w” standing for win).
6.5. A team shall lose by default if it leaves the court before the end of the game or all the players of the team are injured and/or disqualified.
6.6. A team losing by default or a tortuous forfeit will be disqualified from the competition.
Fouls/Free throws: 7.1. A team is in a penalty situation after it has committed 6 fouls. After a team has reached 9 team fouls, any subsequent foul will be considered technical. For the avoidance of doubt, players are not excluded based on the number of personal fouls subject to art. 15.
7.2. Fouls during the act of shooting inside the arc shall be awarded 1 free throw, whilst fouls during the act of shooting behind the arc shall be awarded 2 free throws.
7.3. Fouls during the act of shooting followed by a successful field goal shall be awarded 1 additional free throw.
7.4. Team fouls 7, 8 and 9 shall always be awarded with 2 free throws. The 10th and any subsequent team foul as well as technical and unsportsmanlike fouls will be always awarded with 2 free throws and ball possession. This clause is applied also to fouls during the act of shooting and overrules 7.2 and 7.3.
7.5. Possession is kept after the last free-throw derived from an unsportsmanlike or technical foul and the game shall continue with an exchange of the ball behind the arc at the top of the court.
How the ball is played: 8.1. Following each successful field goal or last free throw (ex article 7.5): • A player from a non-scoring team will resume the game by checking the ball up with the opposing team from behind the arc.
8.2. Following each unsuccessful field goal or last free throw (ex article 7.5): • If the offensive team rebounds the ball, it may continue to attempt to score without returning the ball behind the arc. • If the defensive team rebounds or steals the ball, it must return the ball behind the arc (by passing or dribbling).
8.3. Possession of the ball given to either team following any dead ball situation shall start with an exchange of the ball (between the defensive and the offensive player) behind the arc at the top of the court.
8.4. A player is considered to be “behind the arc” when neither of his feet are inside nor step the arc.
8.5. In the event of a jump ball situation, the defensive team shall be rewarded the ball.
Stalling: 9.1. Stalling or failing to play actively (i.e. not attempting to score) is permitted. A foul committed during stalling consists of 1 free throw shot. If missed the defense is awarded the ball. If made the offense is awarded 1 point and change of possession.
9.2. If the court is equipped with a shot clock, a team must attempt a shot within 12 seconds. The clock shall start as soon as the ball is in the offensive players’ hands (following the exchange with the defensive player or after a successful field goal underneath the basket). Note: If the court is not equipped with a shot clock and a team is not sufficiently trying to attack the basket, the referee shall give them a warning by counting the last 5 seconds.
Substitutions: Substitutions can be done by any team when the ball becomes dead, prior to the check-ball. The substitute can enter the game after his teammate steps off the court and establishes a physical contact with him. Substitutions can only take place behind the end line opposite the basket and substitutions require no action from the referees or table officials.
Time-outs: One 30-second time-out is granted to each team per game. A player can call the time-out in a dead ball situation.
Seeding rules: Teams are seeded based off margin of victory in previous games along with how the team won (i.e did it take overtime to win). Seeding will take place after round–robin qualifier. Table will keep scores from each game and we will use these to determine margin of victory and win style.
Disqualification: A player committing two unsportsmanlike fouls will be disqualified from the game by the referees and from the event by the organizer. Independent thereof, the organizer will disqualify the player(s) concerned from the event for acts of violence, verbal or physical aggression. The organizer may also disqualify the entire team from the event depending on the other team members' contribution (also through non-action) to the aforementioned behavior.