A concussion is a brain injury and all brain injuries are serious. They are caused by a bump, blow or jolt to the head, or by a blow to another part of the body with the force transmitted to the head. They can range from mild to severe and can disrupt the way the brain normally works. Even though most concussions are mild, all concussions are potentially serious and may result in complications including prolonged brain damage and death if not recognized and managed properly. In other words, even a “ding” or a bump on the head can be serious. You cannot see a concussion and most sports concussions occur without loss of consciousness.
Signs and symptoms of concussion may show up right after the injury or can take hours or days to fully appear. If your child reports any symptoms of concussion, or if you notice the symptoms or signs of concussion yourself, seek medical attention right away.
• Symptoms (Listed below)
• Signs Observed by Teammates, Parents & Coaches (Listed on back of this page)
What can happen if my child keeps on playing with a concussion or returns too soon?
Athletes with the signs and symptoms of concussion should be removed from play immediately. Continuing to play with the signs and symptoms of a concussion leaves the athlete especially vulnerable to greater injury. There is an increased risk of significant damage from a concussion for a period of time after that concussion occurs, particularly if the athlete suffers another concussion before completely recovering from the first one. This can lead to
prolonged recovery, or even to severe brain swelling (second impact syndrome) with devastating and even fatal consequences. It is well known that adolescent or teenage athletes will often fail to report symptoms of injuries. Concussions are no different. As a result, education of administrators, coaches, parents and students is key to a student-athlete’s safety.
1 Headaches 12 Amnesia
2 "Pressure" in Head 13 “Don’t feel right”
3 Nausea or vomiting 14 Fatigue or low energy
4 Neck pain 15 Sadness
5 Balance problems or dizziness 16 Nervousness or anxiety
6 Blurred, double or fuzzy vision 17 Irritability
7 Sensitivity to light or noise 18 More emotional
8 Feeling sluggish/slowed down 19 Confusion
9 Feeling foggy or groggy 20 Concentration or memory problems
10 Drowsiness 21 Forgetting game plays
11 Change in sleep patterns 22 Repeating the same question/comment
Signs Observed by Teammates, Parents & Coaches
1 Appears dazed 8 Slurred speech
2 Vacant facial expression 9 Shows behavior or personality changes
3 Confused about assignment 10 Can’t recall events prior to hit
4 Forgets plays 11 Can’t recall events after hit
5 Unsure of game situations 12 Seizures or convulsions
6 Moves clumsily uncoordinated 13 Change in typical behavior/personality
7 Answers questions slowly 14 Loses consciousness