The Midwives Model of Care® recognizes the client/patient as the primary decision maker in all aspects of her care and respects her autonomy. This is supported within a model of well‐informed, shared decision‐making in order to achieve optimal clinical outcomes. Disclosure of risks is an integral part of the informed consent process, as outlined by NARM (the North American Registry of Midwives).
“If a midwife supports a client’s choices that are outside of her Plan of Care, she must be prepared to give evidence of informed consent. The midwife must also be able to document the process that led to the decision and show that the client was fully informed of the potential risks and benefits of proceeding with the new care plan. It is the responsibility of the midwife to provide evidence-based information, clinical expertise, and when appropriate, consultation or referral to other providers to aid the client in the decision making process.” – NARM
Licensed midwives are trained experts in the management of low-risk pregnancy and birth outside of the hospital. Certain conditions may present increased risk to mother and/or baby. The risks listed below apply to birth in any setting, and are not all-inclusive. The condition/risk factor listed may require medications and treatments outside of the scope of practice of Virginia Licensed Midwives and, thus may necessitate consultation with a physician, additional testing, and careful consideration for the appropriateness of birth in an out-of-hospital setting. Some conditions in pregnancy should be optimally managed and supported by a multidisciplinary team that may include midwives, obstetricians, perinatologists, family physicians, psychologists, social workers, and spiritual advisors