This presentation is intended to inform and empower key decision makers in making “fair”, “reasonable” and “observable referrals.”
Do you have to be right without a reasonable doubt?What if you’re wrong?How do you face the employee if the employee turns out to be negative?What are the repercussions?
The truth is ……
You are not making determinations based on anything other than observable indicators that will be covered today.
Random Testing vs. Reasonable Suspicion Testing:
Un-announced testing Serves as a deterrent Serves as a form of detection
You can look at 49 CFR PART 655 Federal Transit Administration "Prevention of Alcohol Misuse and Prohibited Drug Use in Transit Operations" for the answer.
Definition of a Random:
655.45: Mandatory requirement to test a specific percentage of your DOT employee pool at the minimum annual percentage rate of 25% Drug and 10% Alcohol
Definition of Reasonable Suspicion Testing:
655.43: The employer shall conduct a drug and/or alcohol test when the employer has reasonable suspicion to believe that a covered employee has used a prohibited drug and or engaged in alcohol misuse.
For 6G MSI the checklist is located in the 'Forms' tab your solution center.
The checklist should be completed when a manager or supervisor suspects drug or alcohol use based on the physical appearance and behavior of the employee. Also completing the checklist should be all other managers or supervisors who witnessed the employee being unfit for duty.
Reasonable suspicion testing:
You may conduct a drug and/or alcohol test when you have reason to believe that an employee has used a prohibited drug and/or engaged in alcohol misuse.
Your decision should be based on:
Always use the checklist as the means to accomplish the above basis for testing. Also completing the checklist should be all other managers or supervisors who witnessed the employee being unfit for duty.
An employer can only direct a covered employee to undergo reasonable suspicion testing while the employee is:
Reasonable Suspicion Checklist must first be completed
Make sure you have documented the occurrence(s) that led to the decision to test
Establish the facility you will utilize for the test
Sit the employee down and explain that they will be transported to the test facility and why
Immediately transport the employee to the testing facility
With each test you must start a memorandum and keep it on file- your solution center has been set up to accomplish this.
We live in a society of self-medication
Drugs are viewed by an addict as a coping mechanism
Drugs tend to temporarily mask stresses
Drugs can temporarily mask poor self-esteem
Type: HallucinogenMethod of Use:
Duration of High: 30 minutes to several hours “Typical” smoker experiences a high for approximately 2 hours
Signs of Marijuana Use:
Drug Effect on Pupils:
Produces a mildly tranquilizing and mood altering effect
Ingested by smoking or eating
Goes by different names:
Type: StimulantMethod of Use:
Duration of High: 5 minutes
Energizes the entire central nervous system.
Duration of High: Several hours to 15 hours
Effects the central nervous system as a stimulant. Speeds up the mind and body
Type: Narcotic (Analgestic)
Method of Use:
Duration of High: Several hours
Signs of Opioid Use:
Opiates are narcotics typically given by doctor’s to alleviate pain, depress body functions and reactions.
SmackHorse EmmaDolliesJuiceChina WhiteBid DSyrup
Communities are experiencing a huge increase in Heroin usage decimating families and resulting in overdosing deaths across the nation
Duration of High: Several hours to 24 hours
PCP was developed as an anesthetic but the adverse side effect found to be a potent tranquilizer in large animals
Bath Salts are sold under a number of different “brand” names:Bliss,
Expect an emotional response:
Must be a local Substance Abuse Professional (SAP)
The Substance Abuse Professional (SAP) is a person who evaluates employees who have violated a DOT drug and alcohol program regulation and makes recommendations concerning education, treatment, follow-up testing, and aftercare.
Retention of records in a secure location with limited access:
Substance Abuse Treatment Locatorwww.findtreatment.samhsa.gov
The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) web site will help individuals locate drug and alcohol abuse treatments programs in their communities.
This free confidential web site lets individuals privately assess their own drinking habits and receive personalized feedback to help them determine if they need help to change those habits. There is also information about their community drug and alcohol abuse treatments and consultations.
Al-anon provides information on the effects of alcohol abuse and refers to nearby support groups. Alateen is the organization’s program for young people whose lives have been affected by someone else’s drinking.
Alcoholics Anonymous (AA)www.aa.org
AA offers a way to stop drinking to individuals who feel they have that problem. There are community programs listed in local phone books.
American Council on Alcoholismwww.aca-usa.org
The service provides referrals to alcoholism treatment programs nationwide and distributes written materials.
National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence Hopelinewww.ncadd.org
This organization provides written information on alcohol and drug abuse and referrals to treatment and counseling services nationwide.
National Drug and Alcohol Treatment Referral Servicewww.ncadi.samhsa.gov
Center for Substance Abuse Treatmentwww.csat.samhsa.gov
(800) 527-5344 Alcohol Helpline(800) COCAINE Helpline(877)-A-LIFE-4U Marijuana Helpline(800) 662-HELP National Drug and Alcohol Treatment